Thursday, November 16, 2017

More about operating with “sure spots”

I introduced the topic of operating on a model railroad layout with “sure spots’ in a post last year, with the idea of showing some ways these spots can be identified (see this link: http://modelingthesp.blogspot.com/2016/08/operating-with-sure-spots.html ). To repeat the definition of a sure spot, it meant spotting the car at one particular location at an industry, such as on a particular track within an industrial complex, or at a particular loading dock, or alongside a particular loading door or unloading appliance.
     When I first had operating sessions on my layout, I didn’t worry much about this, intending only that switch crews get the right cars to the designated places. And of course I assumed that elementary logic would dictate that car doors kind of line up with loading docks or building doors, and that tank cars line up with unloading hoses, and so on. It didn’t take long to discover that “elementary logic” is sometimes in short supply, especially if crews feel rushed. I do tell my operators the widely-used mantra, “this operating session is not a race, so take your time,” but people often feel that they are expected to finish in minimum time, and thus rush ahead in spite of that mantra.
     When I researched how prototype sure spots are identified, I introduced both schematic maps of each town, including the sure spots (as you can see in the post cited in the first paragraph, above) and also began to put them on some waybills. I had learned from experienced railroaders that sure spots are sometimes called out on waybills, especially when a shipper repeatedly sends a particular cargo to a consignee; the consignee will notify the shipper how they want the cargo delivered. Also, a consignee may let the local railroad agent know what spot they want, and the agent can tell that to the local crew when they arrive (I use agent messages for such information; see: http://modelingthesp.blogspot.com/2015/06/operating-with-agent-messages.html  ).
     Barring the waybill designating a sure spot, or the agent transmitting that information, the crew may simply arrive at the industry and send a brakeman to talk to the dock foreman to find out where he wants the car. But this is a little harder to include on a model railroad. Finally, the crew ordinarily knows from experience what is going on at an industry, and knows, for example, that top-unloading tank cars always are spotted by the unloading equipment for such cars. But I wondered how to convey this kind of knowledge to my local switching crews,
     Before the VanRail operating event last September, a number of us en route to Vancouver, B.C. had a pre-event operating session on Al Frasch’s excellent layout on Whidbey Island. Al has a kind of information card for each industry or industrial area, which I found very helpful when operating, and inspiring as an idea for my own needs. With Al’s permission, I will show a couple of his cards.


I like this one because it is similar to a situation I have on my layout, where an industry has a plant switcher. That means that the branchline locals only pick up and set out cars on the lead into the plant, and switching within the plant is handled by the plant switcher. This is exactly what Al has described for his Cherry Point refinery.
     Another of his cards also mirrors a situation I have, in which particular unloading doors are assigned to particular products. His is a wholesale grocer, Pacific Fruit and Produce:


     I decided to try creating some cards along these lines for my own layout. Though with some reservations about the rather electric magenta header of the example above, I decided to try it out, with this result.


My Pacific Chemical Repackaging industry does have specific spots for certain kinds of loading and unloading, and the three spots are defined here. Note that only Spot 1 is at a building. But I am not quite satisfied with the language, and will continue to work on this one, as well as creating others.
     So although this idea still needs development for my layout use, as I see it, I am definitely grateful to Al for the stimulus to work on this problem. I hope to get some “information cards” like these into the hands of my operating crews one of these days. Further progress will be reported as it happens.
Tony Thompson

Monday, November 13, 2017

Small project: running boards for SP auto cars

Last summer, I showed the work I was doing to upgrade some of my existing freight cars, namely Red Caboose or Innovative Model Works 40-ft. Southern Pacific box cars. These model cars had wood running boards, though the prototypes in SP’s late-1930s box car classes in fact were built with steel grid running boards. I applied the Kadee parts instead, as I showed in a brief post (you can see it at: http://modelingthesp.blogspot.com/2017/06/small-project-upgrading-running-boards.html ). Now I need to do the same for some automobile cars. The idea to do so was stimulated in part by the comment to me by a couple of experienced modelers, that they didn’t know Kadee sells a 50-foot running board as a detail part.
     Here’s the background. In January and February of 1941, a class of 50-foot automobile cars, Class A-50-14,  was delivered to SP. These 500 cars had the recently-introduced W-corner-post Dreadnought ends, and 10-foot, 6-inch inside height. They were also the first SP automobile cars with steel-grid (Apex) running boards, and all were delivered with Equipco hand brakes.
     The nearest model to the SP cars is the Proto2000 automobile car. It has the right doors, roof and ends, and also the correct pattern of side panels (four panels to the left of the double doors, six panels to the right). Overall, this is a pretty accurate car for SP modelers. But the car does fall short in a couple of specifics. It has a wood running board and Ajax hand brakes, both of which are not accurate for the SP cars, though readily corrected. I will fix both those features in the project described here.
     The Proto2000 car also has single rivet rows securing each side panel, while in fact the SP cars had double rivet rows (one row with double the spacing of the other row). Such double rows are an indication of the use of hat-section internal posts instead of angle-iron posts; the hat-section posts made for a stiffer superstructure. As my models are painted and decorated, and in most cases already weathered as well, I will not be adding the additional rivet rows to make these cars more nearly correct.
     The first step in this project is to remove the incorrect “wood” running board and the brake wheel. This is easily done by sliding a razor blade underneath, and simply slicing off the attachment posts of both the board and the brake wheel. I use lots of these single-edge blades for a multitude of modeling tasks.


Once the old running board is removed, as you see below, the clean roof is ready to accept the Kadee Apex 50-ft. running board, part no. 2011 in boxcar red. The car below is not yet weathered.


The running board was attached with canopy glue.
     An omission from the Proto2000 auto car models is the route card board. You can see its location on the right-hand door in the prototype photo below, from the book, Southern Pacific Freight Cars, Volume 3: Automobile and Flat Cars (A.W. Thompson, Signature Press, 2004). This is a detail of a photo in the Steve Peery collection.(You can click on the image to enlarge it.)


I added one of these boards (shown in a prototype drawing at this link: http://modelingthesp.blogspot.com/2012/01/route-cards-7.html ), by simply gluing on short lengths of scale 1 x 6-inch styrene strip.
     The Proto2000 brake wheel, an Ajax type, is incorrect  for these cars, and was sliced off. It was replaced with the right brake wheel, an Equipco, Kadee part no. 2021, just one member of the excellent brake wheel selection from Kadee. (By the way, you can see the Kadee parts selection at their on-line store:  https://kadee.com/store/index.php?main_page=index&cPath=104_119_123 .
     With all those changes, and touching up the paint on the route card boards, my unweathered model looked like this:


     I am gradually correcting my various Red Caboose, IMWX and Proto2000 models which were produced with wood running boards but should have metal ones. For the cars that should have Apex running boards, whether 40-foot cars or 50-foot cars, the Kadee parts provide a very easy fix. I am also correcting hand brakes where necessary, along with other details like route card boards. In most cases, I also replace fragile plastic sill steps with metal ones. It’s all part of being consistent about freight car standards.
Tony Thompson

Friday, November 10, 2017

Layout visits during RPM Chicagoland

In a previous post, I described my impressions of this year’s RPM (Railroad Prototype Modelers) Chicagoland meeting. It was a very good meeting, a gratifying return to the excellence of the past, and most enjoyable to attend (see my commentary at this link: http://modelingthesp.blogspot.com/2017/11/this-years-rpm-chicagoland-meeting.html ). I often am able to add to the meeting itself with chances to operate at local layouts, as I did this year. The present post is about those visits.
     A highlight for me of the entire trip is a chance to operate on Bill Darnaby’s outstanding layout, the Maumee Route. The layout itself is one of the best anywhere, and the operations live up to the setting.This year I had the privilege to operate (with Paul Weiss) one of the two local freight trains in the schedule, No. 21. It was fun, as it always is. And it is always interesting to see the various additions and improvement Bill has made on the layout. One example I really liked was this treatment of a road heading straight into the backdrop. Good strategy: indicate a dip in the road, making the segment down in the dip invisible; that segment, of course, is right where the road and backdrop intersect.


I also enjoyed taking a close look at one of Bill’s many realistic details, the fire-equipment cabinets. There are at least two; the one shown below is near the roundhouse at Dacron yard.


I made something quite similar for my own layout,  originally inspired by Bill’s model. My own fire cabinet, scaled from an SP example at Dunsmuir, was shown in a recent “Getting Real” column I wrote for the August 2017 issue of Model Railroad Hobbyist (you can read on-line, or download, any issue of MRH, for free, at any time, from their website, www.mrhmag.com ).
     On the Thursday night of the meeting, I had a chance once again to operate on Bob Hanmer’s fine layout of the GN and DM&IR in the Iron Range country. My assignment this time was Gunn Yard, for which I’ve been yardmaster before, and again it was a fun and busy job. The yard is shown below. I must say there were times it was much more full than this!


     On Friday, I got the opportunity to visit Steve Cizek’s Marquette and Grand Marais layout, another layout strongly dominated by moving iron ore. The feature I really liked was the loading dock for ore boats, represented schematically, but with extensive switching required. The ore loads are all “live,” which means they are real granulated iron ore, and when ore cars are emptied, the ore goes into the buckets representing the boat. (A coffee scoop is the tool in the bucket.) Note the lines drawn on the wood track support. These represent the dump pockets in the ore dock, and are numbered.


But there is more to it than might appear in the photo above. Iron ore, back in the day, had different grades, and the ore had to be loaded into the boat so as to create the proper mix for the steel mills. Each car has a slip designating its grade, and the switcher working the ore dock has to arrange the cars to match a loading sheet. Shown below is the paperwork for the boat, with loads already dumped marked off on the loading sheet. There are quite a few to go, as can be seen by looking at the unmarked part of the sheets. (You can click to enlarge.)


This was a neat operation, as was the rest of Steve’s layout.
     I was lucky this year to be able to visit and operate on three layouts, all different and all quite good in different ways. As I said, this is very much a high point of the RPM trip for me.
Tony Thompson

Tuesday, November 7, 2017

Produce shipping boxes, Part 5

In previous posts in this series, I have shown some of the prototype produce labels I modified for the packing houses that are on my layout. Many packing houses shipped multiple brands, sometimes to distinguish different quality levels of the same type of fruit or vegetable, sometimes to distinguish among different vegetables.The most recent post, Part 2 (you can see it at this link: http://modelingthesp.blogspot.com/2017/08/produce-shipping-boxes-part-2.html ), showed one of the problems in reducing prototype labels to HO scale size: that even a moderately busy design becomes a blur at so small a size as HO. In the present post I want to take this farther. The labels I show here were all chosen to be simple designs.
     One example is a fairly generic label, used for more than one product. The original, from a published source, looks like this:


The attribution is to a distributor, American Fruit Growers, but that can be erased and one of my packing houses substituted. This label also has the virtue that it doesn’t identify a specific fruit or vegetable, so could be used for any product one would choose. Here is the same label, modified for a layout packing house that ships vegetables, using the commonly seen light blue lettering:


When reduced to HO size, these labels look all right. I show below an image of a stack of these, and though this image is not actually HO scale, it conveys how the strong and simple image in this label translates into smaller sizes.


     Another example is a label for my lemon packing house, Coastal Citrus Association. Browsing through published examples, I chose a somewhat old-fashioned but distinctive one, with large lettering, shown below. It is for a packer in Carpinteria, a small town east of Santa Barbara along the Santa Barbara Channel coast.


My first challenge with this label was that it is for the second-level fruit quality in the Sunkist pantheon, called “California Red Ball.” The top-level quality, called “Sunkist,” would be more desirable. So I looked through the labels in my collection, and chose the one below, from which it would be easy to extract the “Sunkist” tissue-wrapped lemon emblem on the black background.


     Cutting and pasting the Sunkist emblem in place of the Red Ball on the Sea Breeze label, and beginning the process of using the former lettering of the Carpinteria label owner to be rearranged to form my own packing house name, it looked like the image below. I did have to cobble together a few letters, such as the “O,” to make this work, since that letter is not in the original label.


But it still says “Santa Barbara County,” correct for the Carpinteria house, but not correct for my layout, which is located at the southern edge of San Luis Obispo County (just across the Santa Maria River from Santa Barbara County). Though I could have simply erased that, I wanted instead to have my layout town name included. So again, I worked to rearrange the existing lettering to get my desired result:


     I have illustrated these changes just to show that they are not very hard to do, merely requiring patience and a little experience with Photoshop or a comparable application. (I suppose a certain degree of enthusiasm for typography is an asset, too — I confess to suffering from such an enthusiasm.) All these labels will soon be attached to HO-scale shipping boxes, and can populate the loading docks of my packing houses! I’m looking forward to that.
Tony Thompson


Saturday, November 4, 2017

This year’s RPM Chicagoland meeting

The RPM (Railroad Prototype Modelers) meeting in the Chicago area was originated by Martin Lofton (of Sunshine Models) in 1994. Martin, with his wife Patricia, then hosted it for 16 years at the Holiday Inn in Naperville, Illinois. In 2010, with Martin having passed away, the meeting changed hosts, to Joe D’Elia of A-line Products. After that Holiday Inn closed for complete renovation, subsequent meetings have been held in Lisle, Illinois, a town adjoining Naperville, and located recently at the Sheraton Hotel.
     The final meeting run by Joe D’Elia was in 2015, and Mike Skibbe (and a number of members of the Midwest Mod-U-Trak club) took over. Mike has worked hard to bring back the successful past of this meeting, and it was especially evident this 24th year that he is succeeding brilliantly. Attendance was above 350 this year, the most in several years and only slightly below the best of the Lofton years. The name “Naperville” still is used occasionally for this meeting, but Mike, wisely I believe, is now using the regional name “Chicagoland,” and that seems to fit.
     This year’s meeting was very good across the board, in my estimation. The vendor space in the ballroom was generous, and there were a great many vendors, with many chances to have a look at products not in every hobby shop — and of course to purchase the irresistible ones. Below is a snapshot overview of the area.


Very noticeable this year, partly due to the significantly increased attendance, was the pronounced “buzz” in the ballroom.  Almost every time I walked in, I couldn’t help but notice it. It is, of course, a very good sign for any meeting.
     The remainder of the ballroom was given over to two large, high-quality modular layouts (HO and N scale Modutrak), and to model display, with room for perhaps two dozen display tables (I didn’t count them), containing a couple hundred outstanding models. I will return to those in a moment.
     One of the highlights for me at most model railroad meetings is the clinic program. And the top meetings such as RPM Chicagoland and RP Cocoa Beach have truly outstanding programs. I won’t try to describe or evaluate the whole program but will just mention one that I really enjoyed and that furnished some excellent information. It was Charles Hostetler’s talk entitled “Modeling Canadian Freight in a U.S. Setting: Data and Implementation.” The title is a mouthful but the content was great. Here is a photo of Charles gesturing at one of his slides.


The talk stimulated a lot of thought on my part, and I will likely return to Charles’s topic with some additional ideas of my own. You can download a PDF of his slide package by going to his blog site, which is located at: http://cnwmodeling1957.typepad.com/cnwmodeling/model-railroading/ and well worth reading. You can scroll down to this PDF link or use this one: Download Modeling Canadian Freight in a US Setting Handout .
    I always enjoy repeated visits to the model display area at these meetings, and usually take a lot of photos. This meeting was no exception. I will just show three entries I particularly liked, but of course there were dozens more worthy of attention.
     I will begin with an otherwise ordinary covered hopper, but thoroughly and convincingly weathered, in accord with a prototype photo. The model was by Tim VanMersbergen.


     Another very nice model represented one of the composite gondolas that Milwaukee Road converted for pulpwood service, removing the side sheathing and with heavy-duty floor and end lining. This fine model was built by Tom Baldner.


     Lastly, I always admire the modern modelers who strive to reproduce the colorful graffiti so prevalent today on railroad equipment. Like it or hate it, it is modern reality, and anyone neglecting it, in my opinion, is creating an unrealistic model. This one, which as you can see, is matched to a photo, is by Rick “Dakota” Kempf.


     As we know from some previous years, this can be a superb meeting, though we learned for a few years that excellence is by no means automatic. I felt that this year it was back where it had been at its best, and I very much hope and expect it to continue. If you haven’t attended RPM Chicagoland before, or not for a few years, I strongly recommend giving it a shot in 2018.
Tony Thompson 

Wednesday, November 1, 2017

Yet another correction of a Dispatcher’s Office article

It’s not news at this point, but for the third time, my article published in an issue of The Dispatcher’s Office, the magazine of the NMRA OpSIG group, was garbled in the publication process. I guess I am a slow learner, as the previous two articles I published there were also mixed up in publication. This time, a figure was entirely omitted, Figure 13, though it  is referenced in the text. And if you look through the figures in the published version, they jump from Figure 12 to Figure 14, which might be confusing to a reader. And one of the Empty Car Bills in Figure 6 was omitted too. The article was in the October 2016 issue.
     I mentioned the omission of Figure 13 in my original post about this article, and didn’t mention the missing part of Figure 6. You can read that post at this link: http://modelingthesp.blogspot.com/2016/11/waybills-part-55-article-in-dispatchers.html . But I have now had two requests for the complete article, so thought I would post a correct version. I didn’t do that with the earlier post because I didn’t want to be complaining too much, but with these requests, I will now do so.
     I should hasten to mention I have no objection to an editor modifying a submission, including making the decision to omit something. In fact, those decisions are an editor’s job. But when the text and figure sequence isn’t corrected when the omission is made, that’s just incompetent editing. Perhaps I can be excused for doubting that I will be submitting to that magazine again, at least with its current editorial approach.
     Here is a link to the correct article, with all figure materials including the omitted Figure 13, in the layout I prepared myself, on Google Docs:

https://drive.google.com/open?id=0Bz_ctrHrDz4wQ3A5M0hxN2ZEdnM

For all who may have been puzzled, there’s the complete piece. And for anyone without access to a print copy of the magazine, here is something to read.
Tony Thompson

Sunday, October 29, 2017

Upgrading Athearn auto cars

I have written several posts over the years about how (and whether) to upgrade Athearn “Blue Box” freight cars. (You can find them by using the search term “Athearn upgrade” in the search box at right.) I have said more than once that in today’s climate, I don’t believe it is worth the effort, because there are far better starting points in most cases. But back in the day, I did indeed do such projects, simply because then those better starting points did not exist. So, partly in response to questions I have been asked, here is how I went about that kind of upgrading. And I do recognize that some may still wish to go this way, for whatever reason.
     The present post is about the 50-foot double-door automobile car Athearn produced for years (and still does). My own upgrading thoughts immediately neglect the cast-on ladders, as these are far more trouble to remove than the model deserves. Likewise, the roof with one too few panels is just plain wrong (and hard to imagine how it came about), but certainly not worth the work to change. So what would a person change to make one of these models at least a “mainline” or second-class model?
     First, I always start with the roof. Most model railroads offer a viewing perspective of freight cars which is from above, and what might not be evident from ground level is way too obvious from above. In the case of the auto cars discussed in this post, like all the Athearn “Blue Box” house cars, the running board is hugely thick and really quite poorly rendered as a representation of a steel grid running board. I would immediately remove and trash it. There are two alternatives to replace it, a wood running board, for cars built before 1944, or a steel running board for cars either built after 1944, or rebuilt or upgraded after 1944, thus receiving a replacement running board, Obviously here you need information about your particular prototype.
     For wood running boards, I have usually used individual strips of scale 1 x 6-inch wood, though styrene strip works fine too. The Athearn body is molded with a kind of representation of the diagonal supports under the ends of the running board, and though these are crude, they are pretty invisible under the end of the board, so I rarely replace them. The steel running board is well represented with an etched metal board, such as those from Plano (see their line at: http://www.planomodelproducts.com/ ), and nowadays there is also the option of the Kadee Apex plastic running board, available in 50-foot as well as 40-foot versions. I personally don’t think it is as prototypically “lacy” as the Plano product, but have used both.


This photo shows a Plano running board in the foreground wood 1 x 6 strips in the back.You can click on the image to enlarge it.
     Next up would be the Athearn side doors, which like the ones on the Athearn box car are way too short. Athearn molded the lower door tracks up on the car body too far, making the doors too short. I usually do not replace them, but it is easy to use sacrifice doors to provide a panel or two to extend the kit doors, should you wish to do so. More important to me are the immense “claws” molded on so that the doors can slide easily, which in addition to being an unsightly size, have no prototype equivalent. They have to go, and are easily sliced off.
     But in addition, the lower door track, especially prominent on a double-door car like this, is a giant ledge with no prototype equivalent. I have usually sliced it off, leaving either nothing, or a piece of scale 1 x 4-inch styrene strip in its place. With that bottom track gone and the claws removed, the doors are at least presentable, if still too short. In the photo below, the shadow shows how minimal the track becomes when replaced with styrene strip.


     My third area of concern is the hand brake area of the B end of the car. The Athearn brake wheel has an oversize rim and represents no actual hand brake. I have used a wide range of brake wheels over the years, from Precision Scale brass ones to the several fine wheels available from Kadee today, accurately representing the distinctive products of several manufacturers. I also never liked the stubby Athearn brake step nor its crude supports. I usually extend the brake step by gluing a piece of scale 2 x 4-inch styrene to the edge of the existing step, cutting off the molded-on supports, and replacing with styrene 1 x 3-inch strip. If nothing else, these visible improvements distract attention from the molded-on ladders and the brake rod and retainer line.


     Lastly, one may choose to replace the molded-on side grab irons with wire, and the overly heavy sill steps with A-Line or other metal ones. I almost always replace the side grabs, and usually but not always I replace the sill steps.
     The foregoing steps do improve the look of the car. But make no mistake about it, even an upgraded car still contains many compromises. As I said at the outset, Athearn automobile cars upgraded this way remain, in my estimation, mainline cars only, but my mainline trains do need this traffic, for both assembled automobiles and auto parts. These cars help fill that need.
Tony Thompson